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Citation Standards

TITLE: Legal Informatics Blog Posts on Legal Citation. IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/legal-citation/.
IDENTIFER: http://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/tag/legal-citations/.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal informatics databases; Legal citation; Legal citation standards; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata; Legal metadata standards; Legal metadata content standards; Legal descriptive metadata content standards. CATEGORIES: Databases; Lists of resources; Bibliographies; Applications; Knowledge representation; Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation; Citation; Standards.

TITLE: Legal Citation Standards Cataloged in OCLC WorldCat. IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=su%3A%22citation+of+legal+authorities%22&fq=&dblist=638&qt=sort&se=yr&sd=desc&qt=sort_yr_desc.
SUBJECT: Information storage and retrieval systems Law; Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal informatics databases; Legal citation; Legal citation standards; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata; Legal metadata standards; Legal metadata content standards; Legal descriptive metadata content standards. CATEGORIES: Databases; Lists of resources; Bibliographies; Applications; Knowledge representation; Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation; Citation; Standards.

CREATOR: AALL Digital Access to Legal Information Committee. IDENTIFIER: http://www.aallnet.org/main-menu/Leadership-Governance/committee/activecmtes/dali.html
PUBLISHER: American Association of Law Libraries. SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata; Law library organizations; Legal informatics organizations.
CATEGORIES: Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation; Organizations.

TITLE: AALL Neutral Citation Resources.
CREATOR: American Association of Law Libraries. IDENTIFIER: http://www.aallnet.org/main-menu/Advocacy/access/citation
PUBLISHER: American Association of Law Libraries. SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: AALL Universal Citation Guide.
DESCRIPTION: 2nd ed. PUBLISHER: William S. Hein and Co.. DATE: 2004.
IDENTIFIER: https://www.wshein.com/catalog/?heinnumber=330560.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: AALL Universal Citation Guide.
DESCRIPTION: 1st ed. PUBLISHER: American Association of Law Libraries Committee on Citation Formats. DATE: 1999 IDENTIFIER: http://www.aallnet.org/Archived/Publications/AALL-Publications/universal-citation-guide.pdf.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: ALWD Citation Manual: A Professional System of Citation. CREATOR: Association of Legal Writing Directors; Darby Dickerson. DESCRIPTION: 4th ed. PUBLISHER: Aspen Publishers. DATE: 2010. IDENTIFIER: ISBN: 978-0-7355-8930-8. IDENTIFIER: http://www.alwd.org/publications/citation_manual.html.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation.

TITLE: Australian Guide to Legal Citation.
CREATOR: Melbourne University Law Review Association. DESCRIPTION: 3rd ed. PUBLISHER: Melbourne University Law Review Association. DATE: 2010.
IDENTIFIER: ISBN: 9780646527390. IDENTIFIER: http://mulr.law.unimelb.edu.au/index.cfm?objectid=EC680959-CA26-5FED-64377B996D86A395.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

TITLE: The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. PUBLISHER: Harvard Law Review Association. IDENTIFIER: Current Edition: http://www.legalbluebook.com/;
Previous Editions: http://www.legalbluebook.com/Public/Introduction.aspx.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal citation standards; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata; Legal metadata standards; Legal metadata content standards; Legal descriptive metadata content standards. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Citation; Standards.

CREATOR: Canadian Citation Committee РComit̩ canadien de la r̩f̩rence. IDENTIFIER: http://www.lexum.ca/ccc-ccr/.
PUBLISHER: Lexum. SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities.
SUBJECT:COVERAGE: Canada. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata; Legal knowledge representation; Law library organizations; Legal informatics organizations. CATEGORIES: Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation; Organizations; Standards.

TITLE: Canadian Citation Committee – The Preparation, Citation and Distribution of Canadian Decisions. CREATOR: Canadian Citation Committee. PUBLISHER: Lexum. DATE: 2009. IDENTIFIER: http://www.lexum.ca/ccc-ccr/preparation/en/.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. SUBJECT:COVERAGE: Canada.
TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata; Legal knowledge representation. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Knowledge representation; Standards.

TITLE: Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation = Manuel canadien de la référence juridique. CREATOR: La Revue de droit de McGill / McGill Law Journal. DESCRIPTION: 7th ed. PUBLISHER: Carswell. DATE: 2010. IDENTIFIER: ISBN: 9780779827992 ; 9780779828005.
IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/660060659.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

AUTHOR: French, Derek. TITLE: How to cite legal authorities. PUBLISHER: Blackstone. DATE: 1996. IDENTIFIER: ISBN: 1854313150. IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/36117718.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. SUBJECT:COVERAGE: Great Britain.
TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata.
CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

TITLE: Guide to Foreign and International Legal Citations. CREATOR: New York University School of Law, Journal of International Law and Politics. DESCRIPTION: 2d ed. PUBLISHER: Aspen Publishers. DATE: 2009 IDENTIFIER: ISBN: 9780735579798. IDENTIFIER: http://www.law.nyu.edu/journals/jilp/guidetoforeignandinternationallegalcitation/index.htm.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

TITLE: Michigan Uniform System of Citation.
CREATOR: Michigan. Supreme Court. PUBLISHER: Michigan. State Court Administrative Office. DATE: 2009. IDENTIFIER: http://coa.courts.mi.gov/rules/documents/9MichiganUniformSystemOfCitation.pdf.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. SUBJECT:COVERAGE: Michigan.
TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata.
CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

CREATOR: Mokanov, Ivan. TITLE: VoxPopuLII: Environmentally Friendly Citations.
PUBLISHER: Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School.
DATE: 2010. IDENTIFIER: http://blog.law.cornell.edu/voxpop/2010/03/01/environmentally-friendly-citations/.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. SUBJECT:COVERAGE: Canada.
TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata.
CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

TITLE: OSCOLA: The Oxford Standard for Citation of Legal Authorities. CREATORS: Donal Nolan & Sandra Meredith.
DESCRIPTION: 4th ed. DATE: 2012. PUBLISHER: Hart. IDENTIFIER: http://www.law.ox.ac.uk/publications/oscola.php.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

TITLE: OSCOLA 2006: Citing International Law Sources Section. CREATORS: University of Oxford Faculty of Law.
DESCRIPTION: 3rd ed. DATE: 2006. PUBLISHER: University of Oxford Faculty of Law. IDENTIFIER: http://www.law.ox.ac.uk/published/OSCOLA_2006_citing_international_law.pdf.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

CREATOR: UniversalCitation.Org. CONTRIBUTOR: Bruce, Thomas R.; Joergensen, John; Kennedy, Bruce; Martin, Peter.
IDENTIFIER: http://universalcitation.org/.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata; Free access to law; Public access to legal information. CATEGORIES: Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Organizations.

CREATOR: University of London. Institute of Advanced Legal Studies. TITLE: Manual of legal citations. PUBLISHER: Institute of Advanced Legal Studies. DATE: 1959 [i.e., 1960- ]. IDENTIFIER: OCLC #: 01326020. IDENTIFIER: http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=no%3A01326020.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

CREATOR: University of Chicago Law Review.
TITLE: The University of Chicago Manual of Legal Citation[: The Maroon Book]. DESCRIPTION: EDITION: 2012
PUBLISHER: University of Chicago Law Review. DATE: 2012. IDENTIFIER: http://lawreview.uchicago.edu/page/maroonbook.
SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Monographs; Metadata; Descriptive metadata.

TITLE: Vendor-Neutral Citation Rules Adopted by American Jurisdictions. IDENTIFIER: http://www.aallnet.org/main-menu/Advocacy/access/citation/neutralrules
PUBLISHER: American Association of Law Libraries. SUBJECT: Citation of legal authorities. TAGS: Legal citation; Legal metadata; Legal descriptive metadata. CATEGORIES: Metadata; Descriptive metadata; Lists of links.

Citation Studies

Robert D. Archibald, Stare Decisis and the Ohio Supreme Court, 9 W. RES. L. REV. 23 (1957).

Neil N. Bernstein, The Supreme Court and Secondary Source Material: 1965 Term, 57 GEO. L.J. 55 (1968).

Robert C. Berring, Legal Information and the Search for Cognitive Authority, 88 Cal. L. Rev. 1673, 1690 (2000).

Peter Clinch, The Use of Authority: Citation Patterns in the English Courts, 46 J. DOCUMENTATION 387 (1990).

Wes Daniels, “Far Beyond the Law Reports”: Secondary Source Citations in United States Supreme Court Opinions, October Terms 1900, 1940, and 1978, 76 LAW LIBR. J. 1, 14-20 (1983).

Lawrence M. Friedman et al., State Supreme Courts: A Century of Style and Citation, 33 STAN. L. REV. 773, 792-817 (1981).

Paul Hellyer, Assessing the Influence of Computer-Assisted Legal Research: A Study of California Supreme Court Opinions, 97 LAW LIBR. J. 285 (2005), also available at http://www.aallnet.org/products/pub_llj_v97n02/2005-16.pdf.

JOHN W. JOHNSON, THE DIMENSIONS OF NON-LEGAL EVIDENCE IN THE AMERICAN JUDICIAL PROCESS: THE SUPREME COURT’S USE OF EXTRA-LEGAL MATERIALS IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY (1990).

Robert A. Kagan et al., The Evolution of State Supreme Courts, 76 MICH. L. REV. 961, 991-93 (1978).

William M. Landes & Richard A. Posner, Legal Precedent: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis, 19 J.L. & ECON. 249 (1976).

James Leonard, An Analysis of Citations to Authority in Ohio Appellate Decisions Published in 1990, 86 LAW LIBR. J. 129 (1994).

Richard A. Mann, The North Carolina Supreme Court 1977: A Statistical Analysis, 15 WAKE FOREST L. REV. 39 (1979).

William H. Manz, The Citation Practices of the New York Court of Appeals, 1850-1993, 43 BUFF. L. REV. 121 (1995).

William H. Manz, The Citation Practices of the New York Court of Appeals: A Millennium Update, 49 BUFF. L. REV. 1273 (2001).

THOMAS B. MARVELL, APPELLATE COURTS AND LAWYERS: INFORMATION GATHERING IN THE ADVERSARY SYSTEM 365-66 n.7 (1978) (citing Victor G. Rosenblum et al., Report on the Uses of Social Science in Judicial Decision Making (1977) (unpublished manuscript available in the Northwestern University Law School Library)).

Stephen Marx, Citation Networks in the Law, 10 JURIMETRICS J. 121 (1970).

John Henry Merryman, The Authority of Authority: What the California Supreme Court Cited in 1950, 6 STAN. L. REV. 613 (1954).

John Henry Merryman, Toward A Theory of Citations: An Empirical Study of the Citation Practice of the California Supreme Court in 1950, 1960, and 1970, 50 S. CAL. L. REV. 381 (1977).

Chester A. Newland, Legal Periodicals and the United States Supreme Court, 7 U. KAN. L. REV. 477 (1959).

William L. Reynolds, II, The Court of Appeals of Maryland: Roles, Work and Performance, Part II: Craftsmanship and Decisionmaking, 38 MD. L. REV. 148 (1978).

Frederick Schauer & Virginia J. Wise, Nonlegal Information and the Delegalization of Law, 29 J. LEGAL STUD. 495 (2000).

John Scurlock, Scholarship and the Courts, 32 UMKC L. REV. 228 (1964).

Fred R. Shapiro, The Most-Cited Law Review Articles, 71 CHI.-KENT L. REV. 751, 767-77 (1996).

Fred R. Shapiro, The Most-Cited Legal Books Published Since 1978, 29 J. LEGAL STUD. 397, 407 (2000).

George Rose Smith, The Current Opinions of the Supreme Court of Arkansas: A Study in Craftsmanship, 1 ARK. L. REV. 89 (1947).

Fritz Snyder, The Great Authors and Their Influence on the Supreme Court, 7 LEGAL REFERENCE SERVICES Q. 285 (1987).

Other Studies of Judicial Information Sources

Alfred H. Kelly, Clio and the Court: An Illicit Love Affair, 1965 SUP. CT. REV. 119.

Janet G. Kohn, Social Psychological Data, Legislative Fact, and Constitutional Law, 29 GEO. WASH. L. REV. 136 (1960).

Harold L. Korn, Law, Fact, and Science in the Courts, 66 COLUM. L. REV. 1080 (1966).

Charles M. Lamb, Judicial Policy-Making and Information Flow to the Supreme Court, 29 VAND. L. REV. 45 (1976).

THOMAS B. MARVELL, APPELLATE COURTS AND LAWYERS: INFORMATION GATHERING IN THE ADVERSARY SYSTEM (1978).

Arthur Selwyn Miller & Jerome A. Barron, The Supreme Court, the Adversary System, and the Flow of Information to the Justices: A Preliminary Inquiry, 61 VA. L. REV. 1187 (1975).

CHARLES A. MILLER, THE SUPREME COURT AND THE USES OF HISTORY (1969).

PAUL L. ROSEN, THE SUPREME COURT AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (1972).

Peter W. Sperlich, And Then There Were Six: The Decline of the American Jury, 63 JUDICATURE 262 (1980).

Source: http://www.personal.psu.edu/rcr5122/Citation.html

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